Rabu, 27 Februari 2013
Hot chocolate : 3500
Tapi kalo pesan 20 sachet ke atas
Coffee : 2000
Hot chocolate : 3000
Sumber Gambar : Rehan Abdullah
Natural Sweeteners Arenga Crystal Palm Sugar
Inquiry the manufacturer of Natural Sweeteners Arenga Crystal Palm Sugar
Arenga palm-sugar or known as gula semut in indonesia. It's come from further proccessing of palm-trees, it looks like a sand with color usually in dark-brown. It usage, especially in indonesia or another country in south-east asia, is for natural-sweetener or ingredient of tradisional or modern foodstuff industries.
Making gula semut is not much different from making gula jawa. Both are made of nira, a white sap obtained by tapping the inflorescences of the palm trees or coconut tree.
To turn it into sugar, the nira is first strained to remove dirt, then boiled until it becomes syrupy. It is then poured into a mold, usually made from half the husk of a palm, and is left to harden. After it is removed from the mold, the palm sugar is ready to use.
In making gula semut/palm sugar, however, the boiled nira is not simply poured into a mold. Instead, it is stirred and strained and dried so that it forms granules.
Arenga palm/coconut sugar is believed to be more nutritious than sugar extracted from sugarcane. It contains calcium, phosphor, iron, and even protein and fat, which are not present in sugarcane sugar. That is why palm/coconut sugar is believed to be beneficial for people suffering from calcium deficiency.
"to prevent osteoporosis you don't need to drink milk. You can just eat palm/coconut sugar. It's cheaper. "
"to prevent osteoporosis you don't need to drink milk. You can just eat palm/coconut sugar. It's cheaper. "
Sales Terms & Specifications:
|Place Of Origin||Indonesia, Java Island, Sulewesi Island|
|Brand Name||ARENGA-CRYSTALLIC- PALM SUGAR|
|Certification||as your request|
|Price Terms||FOB Tanjung Priok - Jakarta USD 2.05|
|Terms Of Payment||L/C,CASH|
|Supply Ability||10.000 - 100.000 kilograms per month|
Source : http://www.freewtc.com/products/natural-sweeteners-arenga-crystal-palm-sugar-595214-30084.htm
Selasa, 26 Februari 2013
|Organic Arenga Palm Sugar 9.5 KG |
A Rain Forest Advocate Taps the Energy of the Sugar Palm
Photograph courtesy Eric Rasmussen
Published June 22, 2011
This story is part of a special series that explores energy issues. For more, visit The Great Energy Challenge.
One of Indonesia's most ardent rain forest protection activists is in what may seem an unlikely position: Spearheading a project to produce biofuel from trees.
But tropical forest scientist Willie Smits, after 30 years studying fragile ecosystems in these Southeast Asian islands, wants to draw world attention to a powerhouse of a tree—the Arenga sugar palm. Smits says it can be tapped for energy and safeguard the environment while enhancing local food security.
Smits says that the deep-rooted feather palm Arenga pinnata could serve as the core of a waste-free system that produces a premium organic sugar as well as the fuel alcohol, ethanol, providing food products and jobs to villagers while it helps preserve the existing native rain forest. And scientists who have studied the unique harvesting and production process developed by Smits and his company, Tapergie, agree the system would protect the atmosphere rather than add to the Earth's growing carbon dioxide burden.
"The palm juice chiefly consists of water and sugar—made from rain, sunshine, carbon dioxide and nothing else," says Smits. "You are basically only harvesting sunshine."
The project, being funded in part by a 73,160 euro grant (U.S. $105,000) from National Geographic's Great Energy Challenge initiative, has potential to disrupt a cycle of poverty and environmental devastation that has gripped one of the most vulnerable and remote areas of the planet, while providing a new source of sustainable fuel.
The Fuel Threat to Forests
Tapergie's sugar palm production facility that opened last year in Tomohon (map), in the North Sulawesi province of Indonesia, and the microscale facilities called Village Hubs that Smits aims to launch on nearby islands, are a far cry from the oil palm biofuel operations that have devastated the rain forest.
Demand for oil made from the pulp and seeds of oil palm trees in Southeast Asia soared when European countries sought to displace petroleum fuels with biofuel in the past decade. It was a move that governments hoped would reduce carbon emissions, but the impact was the reverse. Tracts of rain forest were cleared, and peat land was drained and burned on a massive scale to make way for oil palm monoculture. Because of the carbon emissions caused by rainforest destruction, Indonesia leapt to the top tier of world greenhouse gas emitters, just behind giant energy consumers China and the United States.
Smits, who had been knighted in his native Netherlands, was among the forest advocates who sounded the warning around the world about the impact of large-scale biofuel production from oil palm in his adopted home of Indonesia.
Smits already had gained recognition as one of the world's most prominent protectors of Asia's great apes and their habitat, as founder of the Borneo Orangutan Survival Foundation. He laid out the biofuel problem, and the rain forest restoration efforts he had spearheaded, in talks around the world, including in the popular online series sponsored by the nonprofit TED.
But Smits felt he could take those restoration efforts much further, and the secret was a tree with a value that was first impressed upon him 31 years ago, when he was courting a native Indonesian woman of a mountain tribe of Sulawesi who would become his wife. (She was later elected a female tribal leader for her good deeds.)
By custom, before the marriage, he was required to pay his dowry in the form of six sugar palms. It seemed a meager offering, until Smits realized each tree's potential yield.
The fruit can be harvested and sold as a delicacy. A starch, sago, can be extracted from the stems. The wood is stronger than oak. Most important of all, the tree has a distinctive sap, which can be tapped the way a sugar maple is tapped for maple syrup, but year-round and in vast quantities. The high-carbohydrate juice can be used to make a palm sugar that is a healthier substitute for white cane sugar. Smits estimated that there are at least 60 different products that can come from the Arenga sugar palm, making it a wholly appropriate marriage gift.
"This was enough to support a young family," he said. "That got me interested in studying the sugar palm in more detail."
"The Most Amazing Tree"
He found that the Arenga sugar palm had numerous qualities that made it a virtual sentry of the forest. Its deep roots mean it can be grown on steep, almost vertical, slopes—offering protection against erosion. It needs little water and is drought- and fire-resistant, important on volcanic islands. It is resistant to pests and needs no fertilizer; its presence in a forest actually enhances the soil.
Because of these qualities, Smits found that the Arenga sugar palm could be a key species in his efforts to restore Indonesian rain forests that had been brutally logged and burned for decades.
"It's the anti-particle of oil palm . . . the most amazing tree I've ever run into," says energy expert
Amory Lovins, chairman and chief scientist of Rocky Mountain Institute in Snowmass, Colorado, and member of National Geographic's Great Energy Challenge advisory board. Lovins recommended Smits' project as the first grantee in the society's three-year energy initiative when he learned of his idea for furthering his rainforest restoration and protection efforts by tapping the sugar palm for fuel.
Smits knew the sugary juice tapped from sugar palms typically was fermented to produce a traditional alcoholic beverage. That meant it also could be used to produce the alcohol fuel, ethanol.
And Smits said that he discovered that because of the tree's special leaf structure, its year-round production and extremely efficient photosynthesis, the yield of ethanol from the sugar palm was far greater than the biofuel output from other feedstocks in use around the world. Smits says that his process can produce 19 tons (6,300 gallons/24,000 liters) of ethanol per hectare annually. That's a staggering output-to-land area ratio compared to corn, the favored ethanol crop of the United States, at 3.3 tons (1,100 gallons/4,200 liters) per hectare, by most recent U.S. Department of Agriculture yield figures. It also far outshines Brazil's sugarcane; output was assumed to be 4.5 tons (1,500 gallons/5,700 liters) per hectare in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's recent lifecycle analysis of renewable fuels. [A hectare is 2.5 acres.]
But there's a catch. Producers can't sow row upon row of sugar palms the way they blanket the countryside with cornfields in Iowa, sugarcane in São Paulo or oil palm plantations in Sumatra. For one thing, the sugar palm flourishes best in a diverse forest environment, not in a monoculture.
And, importantly, each sugar palm requires constant attention. For optimum production, it must be tapped twice a day by tappers trained to slice a thin layer from the end of the stalk on which male flowers are growing. If done properly, the tapping extends the life of the tree—by "stealing" some of the tree's energy that was intended as storage for its seeds. (The ripening of fruit is thus delayed.) But the juice in which the energy is stored must be preserved quickly on site or nearby, or else it spoils due to uncontrolled fermentation. Smits says that the tapping process cannot be mechanized.
"It is five-to-20 times more labor intensive than harvesting oil from the oil palm," says Lovins. "You don't hear about it from those in who are locked into the industrial monoculture mentality. They think the economics are bad. But Willie thinks the economics are terrific."
That's because the sugar palm Village Hubs, as Smits envisions them, would provide something as important to this region as fuel—economic opportunity.
A Stake in Forest Protection
Tapergie's facility that opened three years ago in Tomohon—the world's first Arenga palm sugar factory—now has 6,285 palm tappers as members of the cooperative, making the twice-daily journey into the village forests to collect juice to be brought back to the factory. Thanks to sales of the special palm sugar they produce, they earn an income that is twice the region's prevailing minimum.
Sustainable energy is also a part of the design of the factory. It operates on geothermal heat (waste energy captured from the state energy company). In this way, clean energy replaces devastating practices that prevailed for making traditional palm sugar, in which hundreds of thousands of trees were cut to fuel the fire that boiled the sap. In addition, the biofuel produced on-site from the sugar palm is used to replace gasoline in motorcycles, small vehicles, small machines and generators, and is also used as cooking fuel in special burners. Once scaled up, biofuel could be transported for further refining for use in conventional vehicle engines elsewhere, Smits says.)
The Village Hub idea that Smits now aims to test would bring small, turnkey versions of the Tomohon factory—and its employment and energy benefits—to remote areas on the 3,000 or so islands east of Sulawesi. These are areas where people typically live without electricity, fuel, communication, education, health services, or potable water.
Smits says his portable mini-factories, running on local biomass and solar heating, could help villages meet all of these needs, because they would include equipment for telecommunications as well as for making fuel. He sees the sites becoming economic centers that provide more than jobs—they would produce drinking water, electricity, cooking fuel, compost and cattle feed, while enabling telephone and satellite-based broadband Internet access.
Because the wellspring of all these benefits would be the Arenga sugar palm, the villagers would have a shared investment in protecting and cultivating the trees and the needed diverse surrounding forest, as Smits sees it. So the system, in which communities would own 49 percent of the operations, would be designed to establish a virtuous cycle of protection.
"It's what we call 'sustainability,' " says Smits.
There have been past efforts in Singapore and Borneo to cultivate sugar palms for their fibers or sugar. But Smits believes Tapergie's effort can be successful where others have failed, because of its determination to maintain a mixed village forest, and to do it with community ownership.
The sugar palm has vast potential, he says, but it can only be unlocked in a holistic system, with production working hand-in-hand with protection. Lovins says the two are tightly interwoven in the system Smits has designed; "It gives people a stake and the clout needed to protect the land and forest themselves," he says.
Smits will be reporting to National Geographic on the success of his first Village Hub deployment over the course of the next year.
ARENGA FIBRE (GUMATI FIBRE)
Arenga fibre, or Gumati fibre as it is more commonly known, is harvested from a species of palm tree that grows only in Indonesia (formerly Java)
It is greenish brown in colour, and must be recognised as one of the hardest wearing natural fibres available.
Arenga Fibre is harvested from the Arenga Pinnata, also known as the Sugar Palm.
The origin of this tree lies in an area covering South East Asia up to Irian Jaya in the East of Indonesia. It is found growing wild in primary and secondary forest. It probably came originally from the island Kalimantan, also known as Borneo.
According to a report from China, the sugar and fibre industries were established in Malaysia in 1416, and in early years Singapore drew supplies from there.
In the year 1786 a British settlement was established in Penang, and an industry was formed based on seeds brought with cloves and nutmegs from Indonesia.
The Arenga palm grows best in warm, tropical conditions, with good sunlight and water supplies all year round on fertile soils. It can grow in all altitudes from sea level up to 1400 metres.
The trunk has a growth cycle of 5 to 10 years dependent mainly on temperature, but also on sunlight. The rate of leaf production greatly depends on growing conditions, but it is normally 3 - 6 leaves per year. The maximum is about 50 leaves over the tree's life. The final two leaves emerge simultaneously, indicating the onset of flowering.
The age at which the tree flowers varies from 5 years up to 12 - 15 years depending on altitude. Flowers begin to emerge downwards, usually 3 - 7 female flowers followed by up to 15 male flowers. In it's natural state, the tree dies approximately two years after flowering, however, and skilful tapping can extend the life of the tree by more than ten years.
The Arenga tree, which can reach up to 40 feet (12.3 metres), has a thick, black hairy fibrous trunk, with a dense crown of leaves, which are white on the underside. The tree begins to produce fibre after about 5 years, before flowering.
An average tree will produce from 30 - 50 leaflets of fibre depending on the size of the tree. The fibre is harvested by hand after climbing the tree using a bamboo ladder. Each tree yields about 15 kilos of fibre of which 3 kilos is the very best and stiffest.
Arenga or Gumati Fibre is brown/black in colour, with a diameter of up to .50mm (.020"). The fibre is stiff and extremely durable. It is highly resistant to seawater, and has been used for cordage on ships.
Brushes and brooms all over the world can be found filled with Arenga Fibre for cleaning floors, streets and household applications, and has also been used in paintbrushes.
Other uses of the fire include rope making, which is resistant to sunlight and saltwater, manufacture of sieves, in the construction of roofs and even to reinforce concrete.
Fibres are sorted into 5 grades from A to E, with grade "E" being the best, that is, the longest and thickest fibres.
Arenga fibre is difficult to beat for it's hard wearing qualities and durability. It is ideally suited to applications where synthetics fail due to heat from friction. Arenga has a heat resistance of up to 150° C. Flashpoint is around 200° C.
Its inherent properties make it the only choice for certain industrial applications.
For example, it is unrivalled for the manufacture of circular rotary floor treatment scrubbing and buffing brushes, easily outperforming its synthetic rivals in both cleaning action and wearing properties.
It is also excellent for the manufacture of high quality sweeping brooms.
For cost sensitive products, we can produce an excellent Arenga mixture. We developed this formula some years ago when the price of pure Arenga fibre began to escalate. In appearance, it is virtually indistinguishable from the real thing, but has the advantage of being much lighter in density, yielding more units per kilo of fibre. It is also cheaper than the pure fibre.We still hold good stocks of this fibre in both cut and uncut lengths and can be fully dressed and lubricated for use in high speed filling machines.
Source : http://www.snoeckx.com/Engels/products/arenga.html
The Amazing Arenga Sugar Palm
By Chris Keenan
The tree is capable of producing 19 tons of ethanol per hectare each year, it is a far superior ethanol source to the food crops previously used such as the 3.3 tons produced from a hectare of corn or 4.5 tons possible from sugar cane. The Sugar Palm's life is actually extended by having its juice tapped by Indonesian natives who are provided with much needed employment income through the sustainable harvest of Sugar Palm juice. This elegantly simple solution to native poverty, rainforest destruction, and renewable energy demand is the brainchild of scientist and rainforest advocate Willie Smits and his company Tapergie.
Sugar Palms cannot be grown in rows over acres of cleared land. They do best as part of complex rainforest ecosystems, and can be grown among other crops such as vanilla, bamboo, bananas, and figs. Their deep roots make them well suited to very sloped and disturbed land where the tree never requires watering or fertilizing by humans, but can only be harvested by hand by the skilled tappers that carefully tend each tree by taking thin slices from the ends of the male-flower stalks twice per day to collect a portion of the tree's prolific production of juicy sap. The sap spoils very quickly as it almost immediately begins to ferment and so must be preserved on site in the deep jungle.
The characteristics of the tree's growth habits that make its harvest so sustainable have also made it unappealing to modern producers that prefer to grow their crops in extensive swaths that can be machine harvested in hundreds of acres at once. However, to Smits, these were not obstacles but the makings of an opportunity to provide poverty-stricken native Indonesians with viable alternatives to subsistence activities that offer no hope for impoverished communities and are destructive to the local environment.
Smit's project, funded by a $105,000 grant from National Geographic's "Great Energy Challenge," uses portable "Village Hubs" that are carried into the jungle to concentrate the Sugar Palm juice on site from 20 percent sugar to around 60 percent sugar so that it is more stable and easier to transport to more central processing hubs. The sap is used to produce organic sugar, starch, alcoholic drinks, and bio fuel without producing any waste or requiring any inputs for the plant besides rain, sunshine, and air.
The main processing facility, based in Tomohon Indonesia, opened in 2008 and now employs almost 6,300 palm tappers that make two daily trips into the surrounding rain forests to collect the sweet sap from the village trees. The factory produces a special sugar from the palms which provides for payment to the tappers that amounts to twice the average local minimum. Tapergie runs off of waste heat energy generated by the local power plant, and processes some of the palm products into bio fuel for motorcycles, generators, and machinery.
Smits hopes to take his "Village Hub" model to the surrounding 3,000 islands of Sulawesi where residents lack clean water, medical care, electricity, and basic human services. He hopes that by providing them with means for tapping into potential of the local biomass that centers of economic activity could develop around the small scale palm processing mini-factories that could help meet these needs while providing a local, regional, or even global resource for producing renewable energy.
Eventually those carbon dioxide-spewing machines that lurk under carports and behind every garage door may not be running on excavated fossil fuels, but on the carbon dioxide and sunshine that was trapped in a local Sugar Palm, provided income to an indigenous economy, and helped build schools, provide clean water, and protected a regional rainforest. Yes, Sugar Palm's fuel does all of that. Maybe it's time we asked, "What does your fuel do for you?"
Reprinted with permission from Cleantechnica
Source : http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/07/18/idUS115545511820110718